Growth of sockeye salmon in relation to abundance in the Kvichak district, Bristol Bay, Alaska
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1. Catch and escapement of Kvichak River sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) and smolt production from Iliamna Lake, the nursery area, have been determined annually since 1955. Since 1962, information has been collected on growth and abundance of fry and yearlings and zooplankton production in Iliamna Lake. 2. Growth in length of smolts can be expressed as a negative exponential function of population density. A similar relationship exists for maturing salmon on their return from the ocean to the Kvichak River. 3. There is no strong correlation between the growth of juvenile salmon in Iliamna Lake nursery area and the standing crop of zooplankters. Other effects of crowding on growth need to be investigated. 4. An asymptotic limit for the number of smolts produced in the nursery area has been computed, but it may be valid only for a single-peak cycle, the current pattern of run variability in the Kvichak River.
SerieFiskeridirektoratets skrifter, Serie Havundersøkelser
vol 15 no 3