Fish target strengths for use in echo integrator surveys
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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In situ measurements of fish target strength are selected for use in echo integrator surveys at 38 kHz. The results are expressed through equations in which the mean target strength TS is regressed on the mean fish length l in centimeters. For physoclists, TS=20 log l–67.4, and for clupeoids, TS=20 log l–71.9. These equations are supported by independent measurements on tethered, caged, and freely aggregating fish and by theoretical computations based on the swimbladder form. Causes of data variability are attributed to differences in species, behavior, and, possibly, swimbladder state.
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