Toxicity assessment of urban marine sediments from Western Norway using a battery of stress-activated receptors and cell-based bioassays from fish
Peer reviewed, Journal article
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Original versionEnvironmental Toxicology and Pharmacology. 2021, 87:103704 1-10. 10.1016/j.etap.2021.103704
A luciferase reporter gene-based bioassay battery consisting of stress-activated receptors from fish, complemented with traditional fish cell-based bioassays, were used to assess the toxicity of marine sediment samples from the Byfjorden area around the city of Bergen (Norway). The reporter assays covered a wide range of cellular signalling and metabolic pathways, representing different molecular initiating events in the adverse outcome pathway framework. Cytotoxicity, generation of reactive oxygen-species, and induction of 7-ethoxyresorufin-O-deethylase activity were analysed using fish liver and gill cell lines. Chemical analyses of the sediment extracts revealed complex contamination profiles, especially at the innermost stations, which contained a wide array of persistent organic pollutants, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and metals. Sediment extracts from these sites were more potent in activating the stress-activated receptors than the other extracts, reflecting their toxicant profiles. Importantly, receptor- and cell-based bioassays complemented the chemical analyses and provided important data for future environmental risk assessments of urban marine sediments.