Report from a krill focused survey with RV Kronprins Haakon and land-based predator work in Antarctica during 2018/2019
Krafft, Bjørn Arne; Bakkeplass, Kjell Gunnar; Berge, Terje; Biuw, Martin; Erices, Julio Alberto; Jones, Elizabeth Marie; Knutsen, Tor; Kubilius, Rokas; Kvalsund, Merete; Lindstrøm, Ulf; Macaulay, Gavin; Renner, Angelika; Rey, Alina; Søiland, Henrik; Wienerroither, Rupert; Ahonen, Heidi; Goto, Jade; Hoem, Nils; Huerta, Magdelena; Höfer, Juan; Iden, Oda; Jouanneau, William; Kruger, Lucas; Liholt, Håvard; Lowther, Andy; Makhado, Azwianewi B.; Mestre, Mireia; Narvestad, Audun; Oosthuisen, Chris; Rodrigues, Jose; Øyerhamn, Rune
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The primary objective for this krill research activity was twofold 1) to conduct a survey that provides updated estimates of the biomass and distribution of krill which are used in models to estimate sustainable yield in CCAMLR Area 48 and 2) to develop knowledge on the marine environment essential for the implementation of a Feed-Back Management (FBM) system. The survey follows a similar design as a survey initiated by CCAMLR in year 2000 for comparative purposes, but in addition focuses on high krill-density areas, contains state-of-the art methods and employs modern technology for the research topics currently in focus. In terms of FBM, Marine Protected Area (MPA) development in CCAMLR Planning Domain 1 encompasses the major krill fishing grounds. Thus, data supporting FBM are critical if the fishery is to be managed by an empirical understanding of krill density, distribution, availability and predator needs as opposed to purely conservation-based measures. A future developed FBM system, requires acoustic data to be collected, processed and reported continuously during the fishing season as a measure of the available prey field. This information can be integrated with finer-scale knowledge of krill predator feeding strategies and updated through specific scientific studies at regular (multiyear) intervals. The survey and coupled FBM process studies took place during the Austral summer 2018-2019. The work was coordinated by Norway and involved collaborative international efforts as well as vessels from Norway, Association of Responsible Krill fishing companies (ARK) and the Norwegian fishing company Aker BioMarine AS, China, Korea, Ukraine and United Kingdom. This report presents preliminary results from the survey performed with the Norwegian RV Kronprins Haakon during 08th January – 24th February 2019 and the land-based predator research carried out between 21st November 2018 and 20th February 2019.