Family differences on triploid induction, sexual maturation and its contribution to sea cage performance of Atlantic cod, Gadus morhua
Journal article, Peer reviewed
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Original versionAquaculture. 2019, 506 14-22. 10.1016/j.aquaculture.2019.03.013
Early maturation has been one of the biological bottlenecks of commercializing Atlantic cod culture. To overcome the bottleneck, production of sterile fish through triploidy and other molecular techniques have been suggested and attempted. Although studies have been carried out on triploid performance of Atlantic cod, no studies have been conducted to see the performance of triploid fish at family level. We produced 29 triploid sibling families using standard hydrostatic pressure technique of newly fertilized eggs with parallel, untreated diploid families. Larvae were reared in separate tanks using standard rearing protocols until reaching 20 g and were PIT tagged. PIT tagged juveniles were transferred to sea cages in duplicate. At 34 months post-hatch, all the fish were sampled and body weight, liver weight and gonadal weight were recorded. Results showed that significant family differences exist between diploid and triploid families in gonadal development, especially for the females. Fish from triploid families had significantly smaller gonadosomatic index than fish from diploid families, but diploid families were heavier than the triploid families. Our result highlight the need for considering a parallel strategy for triploid family selection within the conventional diploid breeding program to exploit the existing variation in triploid performance.