• Carbon export is facilitated by sea urchins transforming kelp detritus 

      Filbee-Dexter, Karen; Pedersen, Morten Foldager; Fredriksen, Stein; Norderhaug, Kjell Magnus; Rinde, Eli; Kristiansen, Trond; Albretsen, Jon; Wernberg, Thomas (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      With the increasing imperative for societies to act to curb climate change by increasing carbon stores and sinks, it has become critical to understand how organic carbon is produced, released, transformed, transported, and ...
    • Detrital carbon production and export in high latitude kelp forests 

      Pedersen, Morten Foldager; Filbee-Dexter, Karen; Norderhaug, Kjell Magnus; Fredriksen, Stein; Frisk, Nicolai Lond; Fagerli, Camilla With; Wernberg, Thomas (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      The production and fate of seaweed detritus is a major unknown in the global C-budget. Knowing the quantity of detritus produced, the form it takes (size) and its timing of delivery are key to understanding its role as a ...
    • Future trajectories of change for an Arctic deep-sea ecosystem connected to coastal kelp forests 

      Vilas, Daniel; Coll, Marta; Pedersen, Torstein; Corrales, Xavier; Filbee-Dexter, Karen; Wernberg, Thomas (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Environmental stressors related to climate change and other anthropogenic activities are impacting Arctic marine ecosystems at exceptional rates. Within this context, predicting future scenarios of deep-sea ecosystems and ...
    • Grazers extend blue carbon transfer by slowing sinking speeds of kelp detritus 

      Wernberg, Thomas; Filbee-Dexter, Karen (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018)
      Marine plant communities such as kelp forests produce significant amounts of detritus, most of which is exported to areas where it can constitute an important trophic subsidy or potentially be sequestered in marine sediments. ...
    • Green gravel: a novel restoration tool to combat kelp forests decline. 

      Fredriksen, Stein; Filbee-Dekster, Karen; Norderhaug, K.M.; Steen, Henning; Bodvin, Torjan; Coleman, M.A; Moy, Fritjjof; Wernberg, Thomas (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Kelp forests are in decline globally and large-scale intervention could be required to halt the loss of these valuable ecosystems. To date kelp forest restoration has had limited success and been expensive and unable to ...
    • Kelp-carbon uptake by Arctic deep-sea food webs plays a noticeable role in maintaining ecosystem structural and functional traits 

      Vilas, Daniel; Coll, Marta; Pedersen, Torstein; Corrales, Xavier; Filbee-Dexter, Karen; Pedersen, Morten Foldager; Norderhaug, Kjell Magnus; Fredriksen, Stein; Wernberg, Thomas; Ramirez-Llodra, Eva (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      The flow of non-living carbon (detritus) is considered an important process because it connects ecosystems and fuels benthic communities. In Norwegian kelp forests, 90% of the kelp production is exported to adjacent ...
    • Local flexibility in feeding behaviour and contrasting microhabitat use of an omnivore across latitudes 

      Leclerc, Jean-Charles; de Bettignies, Thibaut; de Bettignies, Florian; Christie, Hartvig C; Franco, João N; Leroux, Cédric; Davoult, Dominique; Pedersen, Morten F; Filbee-Dexter, Karen; Wernberg, Thomas (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      As the environment is getting warmer and species are redistributed, consumers can be forced to adjust their interactions with available prey, and this could have cascading effects within food webs. To better understand the ...
    • Missing the marine forest for the trees 

      Wernberg, Thomas; Filbee-Dexter, Karen (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Seascapes dominated by large, structurally complex seaweeds are ubiquitous. These critical ecosystems are under increasing pressure from human activities, and conceiving successful management strategies to ensure their ...
    • Movement of pulsed resource subsidies from kelp forests to deep fjords 

      Filbee-Dexter, Karen; Wernberg, Thomas; Norderhaug, Kjell Magnus; Ramirez-Llodra, Eva; Pedersen, Morten Foldager (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      Resource subsidies in the form of allochthonous primary production drive secondary production in many ecosystems, often sustaining diversity and overall productivity. Despite their importance in structuring marine communities, ...
    • The renaissance of Odum's outwelling hypothesis in 'Blue Carbon' science 

      Santos, Isaac R.; Burdige, David J.; Jennerjahn, Tim C.; Bouillon, Steven; Cabral, Alex; Serrano, Oscar; Wernberg, Thomas; Filbee-Dexter, Karen; Guimond, Julia A.; Tamborski, Joseph J. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      The term ‘Blue Carbon’ was coined about a decade ago to highlight the important carbon sequestration capacity of coastal vegetated ecosystems. The term has paved the way for the development of programs and policies that ...
    • Restore or redefine: Future trajectories for restoration 

      Coleman, Melinda Ann; Wood, Georgina; Filbee-Dexter, Karen; Minne, Antoine J.P.; Goold, Hugh Douglas; Vergés, Adriana; Marzinelli, Ezequiel Miguel; Steinberg, Peter David; Wernberg, Thomas (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Global habitat deterioration of marine ecosystems has led to a need for active interventions to halt or reverse the loss of ecological function. Restoration has historically been a key tool to reverse habitat loss and ...
    • Substantial blue carbon in overlooked Australian kelp forests 

      Filbee-Dexter, Karen; Wernberg, Thomas (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Recognition of the potential for vegetated coastal ecosystems to store and sequester carbon has led to their increasing inclusion into global carbon budgets and carbon offset schemes. However, kelp forests have been ...
    • Toward a coordinated global observing system for marine macrophytes 

      Duffy, JE; Benedetti-Cecchi, L; Trinanes, JA; Muller-Karger, FE; Ambo-Rappe, R; Boström, C.; Buschmann, AH; Byrnes, Jarrett E.; Coles, RG; Creed, J; Cullen-Unsworth, L; Diaz-Pulido, G; Duarte, CM; Edgar, GJ; Fortes, MD; Goni, GJ; Hu, C; Huang, X; Hurd, CL; Konar, Brenda; Krause-Jensen, Dorte; Krumhansl, Kira A.; McReadie, PI; Marsh, H; McKenzie, LJ; Mieszkowska, Nova; Miloslavich, Patricia; Montes, Enrique; Nakaoka, M; Norderhaug, Kjell Magnus; Nordlund, LM; Orth, RJ; Prathep, A; Putman, NF; Samper-Villarreal, J; Serrao, EA; Short, F; Pinto, Isabel Sousa; Steinberg, PD; Stuart-Smith, R; Unsworth, RKF; van Keulen, M; Van Tussenbroek, BI; Wang, M; Waycott, M; Weatherdon, LW; Wernberg, Thomas; Yaakub, SM (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      In coastal waters around the world, the dominant primary producers are benthic macrophytes, including seagrasses and macroalgae, that provide habitat structure and food for diverse and abundant biological communities and ...
    • Using propagules to restore coastal marine ecosystems 

      Vanderklift, Mathew A.; Doropoulos, Christopher; Gorman, Daniel; Leal, Inês; Minne, Antoine J.P.; Statton, John; Steven, Andrew D. L.; Wernberg, Thomas (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)