• An acoustic method to observe the distribution and behaviour of mesopelagic organisms in front of a trawl 

      Underwood, Melanie; García-Seoane, Eva; Klevjer, Thor A.; Macaulay, Gavin; Melle, Webjørn Raunsgård (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
    • Application of an unsupervised clustering algorithm on in situ broadband acoustic data to identify different mesopelagic target types 

      Agersted, Mette Dalgaard; Khodabandeloo, Babak; Liu, Yi; Melle, Webjørn Raunsgård; Klevjer, Thor Aleksander (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      The mesopelagic zone (200–1000 m depth) contains high fish species diversity but biomass and abundances are uncertain yet essential to understand ecosystem functioning. Hull-mounted acoustic systems (usually 38 kHz) often ...
    • Biogeographical patterns of meso- and bathypelagic fish along a Northeastern Atlantic transect 

      Garcia Seoane, Eva; Wienerroither, Rupert; Mork, Kjell Arne; Underwood, Melanie; Melle, Webjørn Raunsgård (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      The influence of oceanographic variables on assemblages of meso- and bathypelagic fish was investigated along a Northeastern Atlantic Ocean transect (Cape Verde to the Bay of Biscay) during May 2019. Fish were collected ...
    • Biogeography of key mesozooplankton species in the North Atlantic and egg production of Calanus finmarchicus 

      Melle, Webjørn Raunsgård; Runge, Jeffrey A.; Head, Erica J.H.; Plourde, Stéphane; Castellani, Claudia; Licandro, Priscilla; Pierson, James; Jónasdóttir, Sigrún Huld; Johnson, Catherine Lynn; Broms, Cecilie; Debes, Høgni Hammershaib; Falkenhaug, Tone; Gaard, Eilif; Gislason, Astthor; Heath, Michael R.; Niehoff, Barbara; Nielsen, Torkel Gissel; Pepin, Pierre; Stenevik, Erling Kåre; Chust, Guillem (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015-08-26)
      Here we present a new, pan-North-Atlantic compilation of data on key mesozooplankton species, including the most important copepod, Calanus finmarchicus. Distributional data of eight representative zooplankton taxa, from ...
    • Can mesopelagic mixed layers be used as feed source for salmon aquaculture ? 

      Olsen, Rolf Erik; Strand, Espen; Melle, Webjørn Raunsgård; Nørstebø, Jo Trelvik; Lall, Santosh P.; Tocher, Douglas R.; Sprague, Matthew (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Salmon aquaculture is in great need of good quality balanced protein and lipid sources, particularly marine omega-3 (n-3) long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFA), to sustain a further development of the industry. ...
    • Can morphology reliably distinguish between the copepods Calanus finmarchicus and C. glacialis, or is DNA the only way? 

      Choquet, Marvin; Kosobokova, Ksenia; Kwaśniewski, Sławomir; Hatlebakk, Maja Karoline Viddal; Dhanasiri, Anusha Krishanthi Shyama; Melle, Webjørn Raunsgård; Daase, Malin; Svensen, Camilla; Søreide, Janne; Hoarau, Galice Guillaume (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018)
      Copepods of the genus Calanus play a key role in marine food webs as consumers of primary producers and as prey for many commercially important marine species. Within the genus, Calanus glacialis and Calanus finmarchi- cus ...
    • Distribution and composition of mesopelagic macroplankton and micronekton in the North-east Atlantic 

      Garcia-Seoane, E.; Klevjer, Thor A.; Knutsen, Tor; Macaulay, Gavin; Mork, Kjell Arne; Rosen, Shale; Strand, Espen; Wienerroither, Rupert; Underwood, Melanie; Melle, Webjørn Raunsgård (Lecture, 2018)
    • Dynamics of phytoplankton species composition, biomass and nutrients in the North Atlantic during spring and summer - A trans-Atlantic study 

      Naustvoll, Lars Johan; Melle, Webjørn Raunsgård; Klevjer, Thor A.; Drinkwater, Kenneth F.; Strand, Espen; Knutsen, Tor (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      During a return trip in May–June 2013 from Bergen, Norway, to Nuuk, Greenland, on the Institute of Marine Research's R/V “G. O. Sars”, four ocean basins, the Norwegian, Iceland, Irminger and Labrador seas, were surveyed ...
    • Ecology of mesozooplankton across four North Atlantic basins 

      Strand, Espen; Klevjer, Thor A.; Melle, Webjørn Raunsgård; Knutsen, Tor (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      A comparative study of the mesozooplankton in four North Atlantic basins is presented. During a trans-Atlantic expedition with R/V G.O. Sars in May and June 2013, the Norwegian Sea, Iceland Sea, Irminger Sea and Labrador ...
    • Estimating target strength and physical characteristics of gas-bearing mesopelagic fish from wideband in situ echoes using a viscous-elastic scattering model 

      Khodabandeloo, Babak; Agersted, Mette Dalgaard; Klevjer, Thor Aleksander; Macaulay, Gavin John; Melle, Webjørn Raunsgård (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      Wideband (38 and 50–260 kHz) target strength of organisms were measured in situ using a towed platform in mesopelagic (200–1000 m depth) layers. Organisms with a gas-inclusion are strong scatterers of sound and acoustically ...
    • Feeding interactions between Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) postsmolts and other planktivorous fish in the Northeast Atlantic 

      Utne, Kjell Rong; Thomas, Katie; Jacobsen, Jan Arge; Fall, Johanna Jennifer Elisabeth; Maoiléidigh, Niall Ó.; Broms, Cecilie Thorsen; Melle, Webjørn Raunsgård (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
    • Fine-scale observations of physical and biological environment along a herring feeding migration route 

      Melle, Webjørn Raunsgård; Klevjer, Thor A.; Strand, Espen; Wiebe, Peter H.; Slotte, Aril; Huse, Geir (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      We observed herring horizontal and vertical distribution during feeding migration along a 128 km transect across the Arctic front of the Norwegian and Iceland seas, in early June, in relation to its physical, chemical and ...
    • Genetics redraws pelagic biogeography of Calanus 

      Choquet, Marvin Raoul Charles Roger Ren; Haltebakk, Maja; Dhanasiri, Anusha Krishanthi Shyama; Kosobokova, Ksenia N.; Smolina, Irina Vladimirovna; Søreide, Janne; Svensen, Camilla; Melle, Webjørn Raunsgård; Kwasniewski, Slawomir; Eiane, Ketil; Daase, Malin; Tverberg, Vigdis; Skreslet, Stig; Bucklin, Ann; Hoarau, Galice Guillaume (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017)
      Planktonic copepods of the genus Calanus play a central role in North Atlantic/Arctic marine food webs. Here, using molecular markers, we redrew the distributional ranges of Calanus species inhabiting the North Atlantic ...
    • Genetics redraws pelagic biogeography of Calanus 

      Choquet, Marvin Raoul Charles Roger Ren; Hatlebakk, Maja Karoline Viddal; Dhanasiri, Anusha Krishanthi Shyama; Kosobokova, Ksenia; Smolina, Irina Vladimirovna; Søreide, Janne; Svensen, Camilla; Melle, Webjørn Raunsgård; Kwasniewski, Slawomir; Eiane, Ketil; Daase, Malin; Tverberg, Vigdis; Skreslet, Stig; Bucklin, Ann; Hoarau, Galice Guillaume (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017)
    • Mesopelagic flesh shear viscosity estimation from in situ broadband backscattering measurements by a viscous–elastic model inversion 

      Khodabandeloo, Babak; Agersted, Mette Dalgaard; Klevjer, Thor A.; Pedersen, Geir; Melle, Webjørn Raunsgård (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      In fisheries acoustics, target strength (TS) is a key parameter in converting acoustic measurements to biological information such as biomass. Modelling is a versatile tool to estimate TS of marine organisms. For swimbladdered ...
    • Micronekton biomass distribution, improved estimates across four north Atlantic basins 

      Klevjer, Thor A.; Melle, Webjørn Raunsgård; Knutsen, Tor; Strand, Espen; Korneliussen, Rolf; Dupont, Nicolas; Salvanes, Anne Gro Vea; Wiebe, Peter H. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2019)
      Distribution of micronekton was investigated during early summer of 2013, using data from a cruise covering the central parts of four north Atlantic basins, the Norwegian Sea (NS), Iceland Sea (ICS), Irminger Sea (IRS), ...
    • Modeling emergent life histories of copepods 

      Huse, Geir; Melle, Webjørn Raunsgård; Skogen, Morten D.; Hjøllo, Solfrid Sætre; Svendsen, Einar; Budgell, William Paul (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      The distribution and population dynamics of zooplankton are affected by the interplay between currents, behavior, and selective growth, mortality, and reproduction. Here, we present an individual based model for a copepod ...
    • Poor feeding opportunities and reduced condition factor for salmon post-smolts in the Northeast Atlantic Ocean 

      Utne, Kjell Rong; Pauli, Beatriz Diaz; Haugland, Monika; Jacobsen, Jan Arge; Maoileidigh, Niall O´; Melle, Webjørn Raunsgård; Broms, Cecilie; Nøttestad, Leif; Holm, Marianne; Thomas, Katie; Wennevik, Vidar (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2021)
      During the last few decades, many wild Atlantic salmon populations have declined dramatically. One possible contributing factor for the decline is reduced prey availability at sea. Here, we examine post-smolt diet and ...
    • Structure and functioning of four North Atlantic ecosystems - A comparative study 

      Melle, Webjørn Raunsgård; Klevjer, Thor A.; Drinkwater, Kenneth F.; Strand, Espen; Naustvoll, Lars Johan; Wiebe, Peter H.; Aksnes, Dag Lorents; Knutsen, Tor; Sundby, Svein; Slotte, Aril; Dupont, Nicolas; Salvanes, Anne Gro Vea; Korneliussen, Rolf; Huse, Geir (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      The epi- and mesopelagic ecosystems of four sub-polar ocean basins, the Labrador, Irminger, Iceland and Norwegian seas, were surveyed during two legs from Bergen, Norway, to Nuuk, Greenland, and back to Bergen. The survey ...
    • Summer distribution and demography of Antarctic krill Euphausia superba Dana, 1852 (Euphausiacea) at the South Orkney Islands, 2011–2015 

      Krafft, Bjørn Arne; Knutson, T; Krag, Ludvig Ahm; Jensen, Knut Helge; Skaret, Georg; Krakstad, Jens-Otto; Larsen, Stuart; Melle, Webjørn Raunsgård; Iversen, Svein Arnholt; Godø, Olav Rune (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      We carried out a survey of Antarctic krill (Euphausia superbaDana, 1850) from 2011 to 2015 to establish a long-term, time-series dataset of distribution, abundance, and demography for this species in the South Orkney Islands ...